The Woodland Period starts from 1000 BC and remained in existence till 1000 AD. It is one of the most prominent cultural phases of North America that developed in the eastern part of United States, Eastern Canada and extended till the Gulf of Mexico. It is known as the cultural phase between the archaic hunters and agriculturist of Mississippian culture.
These people achieved huge success in the field of weapon making. They developed spears, bow and arrows and blowguns. They also succeeded in the field of agriculture, textile and leather crafting. They also started making pottery with geometrical figures and widespread decoration. They developed one of the finest jewelleries of their time using shells.
Early Woodland Period (1000 BC – 1 BC)
The early woodland period emerged from the southeastern United States. The woodland phase started when the archaic culture ended in North America. Archaic people didn’t know how to make pottery but the woodland people who emerged in the late archaic period knew how to make potteries. Moreover archaic people were basically nomads who were mostly dependent on hunting and gathering technique for their survival while woodland people were agriculturalist and they used to spend a settled life. Adena culture is the most prominent early woodland period culture.
Middle Woodland Period (1 AD – 500AD)
The middle woodland culture developed due to interaction of various cultures in the eastern United States. These cultures had a trade network and used to trade various exotic materials. They had common religious and cultural ceremonies. They used to make fine pottery and developed agricultural technique. The cultures were combined called Hopewell culture. There trade network was called “Hopewellian Interaction Sphere”.
Late woodland period (500 AD – 1000 AD)
The late woodland period mark the phase when trade between the Hopewell Culture almost ended. The agriculture and other activities were marginalized because of change in climate. The climate became cooler due to Northern Hemisphere extreme weather events of 535 – 536. This led to destruction of crops and forced these people to migrate elsewhere. They later evolved in the Mississippian culture.