After the Renaissance during the 17th century, the Christian sect of Protestantism started developing in England. The main ideology of these people was to do reform in Christianity and to oust the leadership of church and pope from the Christian world. They were against the customs and traditions of church and according to these people all such acts were superstitious.
The leadership of England, especially the King James, thought these people are a threat to the Royal Monarchy. But he couldn’t do much to stop the wave of reformation. After his death, his son Charles also took some steps to stop this community, but these people, till that time, occupied majority of seats in the parliament. King Charles therefore suspended the parliament in the year 1626. Later in the year 1629 he completely dissolved the parliament and imposed his “Personal Rule”.
All such steps by the English monarchy disturbed the Protestants there was a feeling of hopelessness and therefore in search of better world these people started migrating to New England.
On April 8 1630, John Winthrop along with 700 Protestant started their journey for New England. They started their journey from Yarmouth, Isle of Wight. During the voyage they had to suffer very cold weather condition, North Atlantic storms and many crew members got sick. At last on June 12 these people touched the new world. John Winthrop here gave his famous ‘A Model of Christian Charity‘ (often quoted for ‘City upon a Hill‘), which later gave inspiration in the development of the American Spirit and culture.
The process of migration continued for 10 years and was famously quoted as Great Migration.