The Anasazi – The Builders of Roads and Architectural Marvels – 1300 BC – 1200 AD

The Anasazi culture developed around Southwest U.S. near New Mexico, Utah, Arizona and Colorado. As per archaeological evidence they started building their culture around 1300 BC. It is estimated that the modern Pueblo people living in US are the successors of Anasazi people. They developed their civilization in one of the world’s driest places. They built a system of canals to irrigate land.

Pueblo Bonito

The Anasazi people are mostly known for creating Pueblos (Anasazi houses). The most famous and the largest among them is Pueblo Bonito which is the largest Chacoan house near the Chaco Canyon. These were large villages on the side of cliffs. These were like apartment building which were very high and having more than 800 rooms. The adobe structures were created by with the help of sand clay and water. There are also evidences that certain fibrous and organic substances were used in the houses. These villages were situated at a very huge height so the people used to take help of ladder, rope or rock climbing.

Anasazi Pueblo

The most surprising aspect of Anasazi people is that they created many great roads in the most adverse topography. The Chaco Road is one of the most important as that was created in a Canyon. The road connected Pueblo Bonito and Una Vida. The Great North Road is the largest road created by these people which crossed the whole Grand Canyon. Other notable roads created by these people are the South Road, the Coyote Canyon Road, the Chacra Face Road, Ahshislepah Road, Mexican Springs Road, the West Road and the shorter Pintado-Chaco Road.

Anasazi Cave painting

Anasazi established their house in such a way that they can resist wind erosion. They used to decorate their house with contrasting colors. The Anasazi people are also known for their pottery making skills which they usually made to cook or to store food. They decorated their pottery with light colors using dark backgrounds. The Anasazi left their village around 1200AD due to a long drought. The ruins of their building are still found in the Southwest. They are ancestors of Hopi, Zumi and Acoma.

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