The Tchefuncte Culture developed around 600 BC and remained till 200 BC. These people were the inhabitants of present day Louisiana. They were the successor of Poverty Point Culture. These people used to trade various items including Spears, shells, Bones throughout the regions like coastal Alabama, eastern Texas, Arkansas, and southeastern Missouri. The Tchefuncte culture was followed by one of the most important culture that flourished on the soil of America, the Marksville Culture.
The most important site build by these people is the Tchefuncte site that is located in the Southeast section of Fontainebleau State Park near Mandeville, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. The site is believed to be built in the year 500 BC. The credited for discovering this site goes to Clarence Johnson in 1938 and Edwin Doran in 1941. In 2000, the archeologist nominated this site for Nation Register for Historic Places. This site is most famous for its two ovel shaped shell. There are evidences that this site was used for occupational purpose also.
The Tchefuncte people were mainly hunters and gatherers who used to live near Lower Mississippi Valley and Gulf Coast region between 1000 BC and 200 AD. Their diet included various animal species from their surrounding that includes variety of deer, raccoons, and some migratory birds Along with it they also ate seafood, including clams, alligators, fish. They avoided eating Crabs, Crawfish etc
The Tchefuncte people were among the first people in South US to establish a whole new chain of forming clay based materials. They had extraordinary talent in building pottery. The archeological diggings have revealed a large number of artifacts produced by these people. The site is found from coastal Louisiana to southern Arkansas and from Eastern Texas to Eastern Florida. Apart from developing excellent tools these people developed a whole new technique of cooking, food management and food storage.
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