Tchefuncte Culture – First Post Archaic Culture of Mississippi – 1000 BC – 200 AD

The Tchefuncte Culture developed around 600 BC and remained till 200 BC. These people were the inhabitants of present day Louisiana. They were the successor of Poverty Point Culture. These people used to trade various items including Spears, shells, Bones throughout the regions like coastal Alabama, eastern Texas, Arkansas, and southeastern Missouri. The Tchefuncte culture was followed by one of the most important culture that flourished on the soil of America, the Marksville Culture.

Tchefuncte Culture - Settlements

The most important site build by these people is the Tchefuncte site that is located in the Southeast section of Fontainebleau State Park near Mandeville, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. The site is believed to be built in the year 500 BC. The credited for discovering this site goes to Clarence Johnson in 1938 and Edwin Doran in 1941. In 2000, the archeologist nominated this site for Nation Register for Historic Places. This site is most famous for its two ovel shaped shell. There are evidences that this site was used for occupational purpose also.

The Tchefuncte people were mainly hunters and gatherers who used to live near Lower Mississippi Valley and Gulf Coast region between 1000 BC and 200 AD. Their diet included various animal species from their surrounding that includes variety of deer, raccoons, and some migratory birds Along with it they also ate seafood, including clams, alligators, fish. They avoided eating Crabs, Crawfish etc

The Tchefuncte people were among the first people in South US to establish a whole new chain of forming clay based materials. They had extraordinary talent in building pottery. The archeological diggings have revealed a large number of artifacts produced by these people. The site is found from coastal Louisiana to southern Arkansas and from Eastern Texas to Eastern Florida. Apart from developing excellent tools these people developed a whole new technique of cooking, food management and food storage.

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One Comment

  1. mae gardnermills says:

    Ancient History. I know the Tchefuncte River when I was a child as being called, creek, by my family. The water was clear. White sand on the bottom. My grandparents, their sons and their wives and children didn’t know about the Native American Tribe, Tchefuncte. My dad used to want to have canoes and him and his three sons travel down to near it’s end. Too many limbs would have to be removed for that canoe trip. My daddy would tell us of seeing snakes as round as his leg. Big snakes. My grandpa was a earning income by trapping. That road and and he called, the swamp. Their house of which my daddy and his brother helped build when they were not over twelve years old. My daddy told us of coming home from school he was shocked. His parents had the swamp house moved nearer the (Tchefuncte River) the creek. After the lives have gone, Two siblings became land owners. With my property being on the low end it does have water. My swamp means more to me by the Culture living and enjoying the beauty of 600 bc-200 ad. If another time, the creek would have been polluted. My trees need to reforest naturally and I will pass the place on in my grown children. I am studying all I can on those before our time. We don’t test for Native American on 23 and Me.

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