Sir Walter Raleigh was an English explorer who is mostly known for establishing first English settlement on the soil of America. In 1594 he also searched the ‘City of Gold’ in South America which later gave rise to the legend of El Dorado. He was also a great writer and poet who is known for popularizing tobacco in England. He was executed on 29 October 1618.
Search of New World and establishment of Roanoke Colony
In 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh led his first expedition to attack and establish colony on the Eastern Coastal regions of North America. But he failed to establish any colony in the Roanoke Island. In 1587, he attempted again to colonize the territory and he was successful this time. His crew members ended the Spanish Authority in the region. The English looted various Spanish merchant ships in 1588. Unfortunately, the major problem was that these people had no support system for food and the supply was deceasing day by day. The first ship to give them resource supply arrived in 1590 AD. Till that time they deserted the region.
Search for City of Gold El Dorado
In 1594, Raleigh went to another expedition to South America in search of ‘City of Gold’. He came to know through some Spanish account that there was city near the river Caroni. He discovered world largest ‘Angel Falls‘ in Venezuela. He explored various other regions in Guyana. After returning back to England in 1596, he made claims that he discovered the city of gold showing the possibility that he found some gold mines in Venezuela.
Death of Sir Walter Raleigh
Raleigh was personal favorite of Queen Elizabeth. After the death of the Queen in 1603 Raleigh was arrested on the charge of plotting against the King James. He was executed in the tower of London on July 19, 1618.