Rashtrakuta Dynasty – One of the Most Powerful Royal Dynasty of Southern India – 753 AD – 982 AD

The Rashtrakuta Empire ruled Southern India from 753 AD to 982 AD. The earliest inscriptions of this dynasty were revealed in form of Copper Plate Grant and it determined the vastness of its lands that spread from the lands of Manpur in the Malwa region to the far Southern parts of India. According to the inscriptions of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, there existed few other clans of the same thread that includes the rulers of the Achalpur which is, now, known as Elichpur situated in the state of Maharashtra and the rulers of Kannauj situated in the Northern Part of the India.

Rashtrakuta Dynasty around 900 AD

Rashtrakuta Dynasty around 900 AD

In spite of availability of many historical evidences on the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, facts about their native home, origin and official language are still unknown to the world.

Origin and Expansion of Rashtrakuta Empire

The rulers of the lands of Achalpur, who were a clan of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, were initially a feudatory of the Badami Chalukyas. But in the ruling period of King Kirtivarman-II of the Badami Chalukya, they overthrew the Chalukyan rule declared their lands as an independent state. After this declaration, the Rashtrakutas attacked Achalpur and started ruling in this region independently and started expanding their territory to the Gulbarga Region(which is, nowadays, situated in the state of Karnataka). Rashtrakuta Empire continued its conquest Southwards and by 753 AD they occupied most of Indian Peninsular region called the Rashtrakuta of Manyakheta.

The Arabic writing called Silsilatuttarikh describes Rashtrakuta Empire as one of the four principle empires of the whole world in that same period of time.

Art and Culture of Rashtrakuta Dynasty

During the Reign of Rashtrakuta Dynasty, history witnesses developments in many fields of political expansion, architectural achievements and contribution to the Indian literature. In this period of time, Jain Mathematician and Scholars created some of the greatest works of Ancient India.

Ellora Caves built by Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Ellora Caves built by Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Jain Narayana Temple built by Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Jain Narayana Temple built by Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Kasivisvanatha Temple at Pattadakal built by Rashtrakuta Empire

Kasivisvanatha Temple at Pattadakal built by Rashtrakuta Empire

These works were primarily done in two languages, namely Kannada and Sanskrit. In the reign of this empire, the architecture, mainly the Dravidian style reached epitome of perfection which can easily be illustrated by the example of Kailashnath Temple of Ellora, Kasivishvanath Temple as well as Jain Narayana Temple. Both of these temples are situated at Pattadakal in Karnataka.

Written By: Rupak Som

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