Ramagupta succeed Samudragupta in 375 AD to become the fifth Gupta leader and ruler, of the Gupta Empire. Unlike previous Gupta kings, such as Ghatotkacha Gupta and Sri Gupta, there is a lot more historical evidence for this king, and his surrounding life, and ruler-ship.
Ramagupta – Accession to Throne
Ramagupta immediately succeeded his father, Samudragupta in 375 AD as he was the eldest son. Ramagupta came to rule after a very long and successful reign of Samudragupta that lasted for around 40 years. Ramagupta was seen by those as that time to be the most worthy son for ruling the Gupta Empire, and therefore, seen as the one most suitable for wearing the crown. There are no known records as to what killed Samudragupta, but the transition of crowns, from Samudragupta to Ramagupta was very quick.
Ramagupta – War and defeat against Saka Dynasty
Ramagupta was an expansionist leader. Under his rule Ramagupta tried to expand the Gupta Empire, and conquer more lands.
One of the recorded invasions and attacks was on Gujarat, where Ramagupta and his forces waged an attack on Sakas, but it turned out to be a fatal mistake that Ramagupta made. Saka Kingdom was a much stronger force; the Gupta forces were defeated easily by the Sakas. The war with the Saka infused a sense of insurgence in the Gupta Kingdom. Chandragupta Vikramaditya, brother of Ramagupta was totally against the war with the Saka Kingdom.
Ramagupta – Killed by brother, Chandragupta Vikramaditya
In 380 AD, Chandragupta II was engaged to Dhruvaswamini, who was a beautiful princess. Ramagupta tricked Chandragupta II and forcefully married Dhruvaswamini.
After the war with Saka, Rudrashima III, the Saka king demanded peace, in return for Ramagupta’s wife. Ramagupta accepted the kings terms for peace, and gave him his wife. However, when Ramagupta went to the Saka camp to handover Dhruvaswamini, Chandragupta II followed the troops and killed the king Rudrasimha III. Chandragupta II even killed Ramagupta and married Dhruvaswamini.
Chandragupta ended what was a disastrous reign for his brother. Ramagupta was a particularly weak king. He was known as a weak king, and as a weak ruler. Ramagupta is arguably one of the Gupta empires weakest rulers. He was also one of the shortest serving of the Gupta empires kings.
There wasn’t much empirical evidence surrounding Ramagupta until the early 20th century. It was only in the 1920s that information about his rule came to light.