Qutb al-Din Aibak or Qutubuddin Aibak was the actual founder of Turkish Power in India. He was the founder of Mamluk Dynasty (or Slave Dynasty) of Delhi Sultanate. Qutubuddin Aibak came into rule in 1206 AD. He was born in Turkestan and his parents were Turkish. When Qutubuddin Aibak was young, a merchant took him to Nishapur where he was picked up by a local Qazi as a slave. Qazi gave him religious and military training together with his own sons. After the death of Qazi, his sons sold him to a merchant who later took him to the city of Ghazni, which was the capital city of Ghurid Empire, where he was brought up by Muhammad Ghori.
Qutb al-Din Aibak or Qutubuddin Aibak – Battles fought under leadership of Muhammad Ghori
Qutubuddin Aibak was gifted with all worthy qualities and commendable impressions. As the time passed, he becomes the center of attention of his new master through his courage and generosity. He proved himself to be so faithful to the master that he was chosen as a commander of a limited section of his master’s army. Qutubuddin Aibak was also appointed as master of the stables or Amir-i-Akhur. He did many valuable services for his master during Indian expeditions and became in charge for the Indian conquests after Second Battle of Tarain which was held in 1192 A.D. Thus, Qutubuddin Aibak was let free not only in his administration of new conquests, but also in his choice to extend them. Aibak decided to make lndraprastha, near Delhi, as his headquarters. Qutubuddin Aibak started the construction of Qutub Minar in the remembrance of Sufi Saint Qutub Bakhtiyar Kaki.
This was the beginning of Delhi Sultanate. And because it was started by a Slave king it is also known as the Slave Dynasty.
Qutb al-Din Aibak or Qutubuddin Aibak – Expansion of Delhi Sultanate
With the intention of strengthen his position, Aibak entered into matrimonial coalitions with imperative personalities. He married with the daughter of Taj-ud-din Yildoz, the ruler of Ghazni after Muhammad Ghori. Qutubuddin Aibak married his own sister to a noble main named Nasir-ud-din Qabacha. In 1192 A.D., he destroyed a rebellion in Meerut and Ajmer. In 1194 A.D. he destroyed a second rebellion in Ajmer. In same year, he assisted his master, Muhammad Ghori, in conquering Jai Chandra, ruler of Kanauj, in Chandwar battle. In 1197 A.D., he penalized Bhimdev of Gujarat, raided his capital and then came back to Delhi by the way of Hansi. In 1202 A.D, he surrounded the Kalinjar fortress in Bundelkhand and later captured the same. A huge number of persons were made prisoners and he marched to Mahoba and took control of it as well.
Qutbu l-Din Aibak – Spread of Religion (Islam) and Administration
Qutubuddin Aibak offered great services in India for the cause of Islam. He built a Masjid at Delhi and another at Ajmer. Aibak wasn’t able to set up a framework of a managerial structure because of his early demise and a very short span of rule that lasted only four years. Reality is that during Qutubuddin Aibak, there wasn’t a single capital city; Delhi and Lahore were merely couple of military headquarters.
Qutubuddin Aibak died in 1210 AD. He fell of a horse-back during a game of Polo. There are opinions which say that the king was intentionally made to fall and was murdered.
Tomb of Qutubuddin Aibak is situated in Anarkali Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.