Queen Nandini – Queen Niadrus – or Chandravansham Nandini – First wife of Chandragupta Maurya – Daughter of Dhanananda – Princess of Chandravanshi Clan and Nanda Dynasty – 337 BC – 265 BC

Queen Chandra Nandini or ‘Niadrus’ is considered as the princess of Chandravanshi Clan Nanda Dynasty and daughter of Nanda Dynasty. Queen Nandini was one of the three daughters of Dhanananda, the ruler of the Great Nanda Dynasty which ruled Northern India around 322 BC.

According to reference in Jain Literatures Queen Nandini was married to Chandragupta Maurya as a war compensation and Dhanananda was sent to exile in the forest, became a Jain Monk.

According to Megasthenes reference from Indika (greek: Indica) Niadrus was an exceptionally warrior and a great leader. Niadrus was the eldest of all descendants of Dhanananda. Niadrus was also the advisor of militia and an able army commander. Niadrus had a fleet of 2000 Elephants and 4000 Chariots.

Queen Nadini - Niadrus- First Wife of Chandragupta Maurya

Queen Nadini – Niadrus- First Wife of Chandragupta Maurya

Queen Nandini – Queen Niadrus – or Chandravansham Nandini – Treaty of Marriage with Chandragupta Maurya

Around 323 BC, Chandragupta Maurya was looking for support to fight against Alexander. Chandragupta got support from Parvateshwar (Porus), ruler of Punjab. But, ruler Dhanananda did not support Chandragupta and ridiculed him. This got Chandragupta Maurya to prepare and overthrow the Nanda Dynasty. Chandragupta had a great clash with Nandini. The 4-day war ended with a treaty as Nandini agreed to marry Chandragupta Maurya in a pardon for Dhanananda’s Life, who was under 2-month old captivity of Mauryans.

Queen Nandini – Queen Niadrus – or Chandravansham Nandini – Jealousy with Greek Wife of Chandragupta Maurya – Durdhara

Around 322 BC, after the death of Alexander the Great, Greeks had started retreating from Asia leaving behind a bunch of Indo-Greek Kingdoms, one of kingdoms being ruled by Seleucus I Nicator, a Macedonian satrap of Alexander. Seleucus I Nicator involved himself in a peace treaty with Maurya Dynasty and married his daughter Helena (or Diodora or Durdhara) with Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta Maurya favoured his Greek wife over his first wife Nandini. Nandini who was already let down by Chandragupta Maurya overthrowing her father Dhanananda from the thrown was now furious.

Queen Nandini – Conversion to Jainism and Later Life

It is depicted that Niadrus (or Nandini) poisoned Durdhara which caused her death. Nandini was prisoned by Chandragupta Maurya and was later pardoned in her older age. Nandini also converted to a Jain Aryika in later life.

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