Paleo Arctic Tradition – The Wanderers who Crossed the Bering Strait 8000 BC

The Paleo Arctic tradition  was one of the most prominent Early Archaic tradition. It is believed that this community flourished around 8000 BC. It is also believed by geologists that at that time both Alaska and Siberia were joined by a sea bridge on Bering Strait. These people migrated from Siberia and moved in Alaska . There extent even reached till the southwest Yukon Territroy.

The people living in Siberia had a tradition called Diuktai tradition. Later, after migration, certain changes evolved in their lifestyle, thus forming a whole new culture called Sumnagin Culture. This culture along with certain native Alaskan culture, like Holocene culture,  are put under one category and they are called Paleo Arctic tradition. Due to it’s vast extent and varied way of studies and analysis, this culture is having few more names like  Northwest Microblade tradition, Denali Complex, and Beringian tradition.

Paleo Arctic Hunters - 8500 BC

Paleo Arctic Hunters – 8500 BC

Paleo Arctic people were mainly fishers or hunters. They are mostly known for developing outstanding stone technology at that time. One of the most important tool developed by these people was a Microblade which was mounted on Antler bone or wood and was used for hunting.

Mammoth Hunting - Paleo Arctic Tradition - Around 8500 BC

Mammoth Hunting – Paleo Arctic Tradition – Around 8500 BC

One of the pioneer in Alaskan history, Louis Giddinds, writes that the Paleo Arctic people had no particular aim of entering Alsaka. These people were simply wanderers who were trying to adapt with their environment and extreme climatic conditions. He also describe the families of these people by telling that the son was more adventurous then his father eager to do hunting and killing big prey. The children were not allowed to hunt and mothers used to take care of their child in the cave.

It is believed by the archeologist that 12000 years ago certain rapid climate changes occurred in this region. This condition is termed as Late Wisconsin Glaciation which led to floods in this region thus forcing all the people to move Southward or Eastward. This also wiped out major population of Wild Animals which were the only source of fooding and clothing (animal skin). Therefore, the Paleo Arctic population scattered else where deep inside the American continent.

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