The Mogollon Culture is one of the most prominent cultures of the Southwest that developed around 150 AD and remained in existence till 1450 AD. The culture derived its name from the Mogollon mountain ranges. It used to cover a vast area in the southwest US especially states like Arizona, New Mexico of US and Chihuahua State of Mexico.
The Mogollon culture was first discovered when Emil Haury who was doing his archeological studies in the Mogollon village near the San Francisco River in New Mexico around 1934. Haury conducted various study and research in the southwest region he came to many striking conclusions that include significant difference between the kind of pottery made by Hohokam people and Mogollon people. Later studies conducted by the University of Arizona proved the point that there was a distinct culture in southwest namely Mogollon.
There are many historical theories to find the evolutionary stage of the Mogollon people. One of them is that they emerged from the desert archaic culture. These people were the successor of ancient Paleo Indians that resided in this region around 9000 BC. One more theory suggests that these people were having Mexican descent and they later on migrated from Mexico to the southwest. They developed agricultural techniques and started building settlements.
Settlement and Artifacts
These people used to make houses of quadrilateral shape. The corner angle of the house was very sharp and surface area of house was about 17 m2. The houses were made very strong with help of special paste and plaster was used to make walls more compact.
They also made various ceremonial complexes called Kiva. They used to make pottery having black and white or red and cream shade.