Porus or Poros (Greek) was born around 370 BCE and was the king of Ancient Punjab. He ruled over a region between Jhelum River and The Ganges. He belonged to Pauravas Dynasty
Invading regions around Ganges was never an easy task for Empires. Even the most skilled war men faced huge losses and set back when they were challenged by the fierce Indian defenders such as Porus or Puru of Punjab region.
Porus who guarded the other side of the Ganges was extremely popular for his fearless encounter and a possible victory against the greatest warrior ever – Alexander the Great.
Porus of Puru clan
Porus is said to be of Puru Clan which traces back its identity with the likes of Yadavas or Shri Krishna and his brother Balaram. Porus thus held a key position in protecting and guarding areas in and around Ganges against invaders from Greece and Macedonia.
Porus and Alexander – Two Great Warriors of the Same Era
It was the beginning of 326 BCE, Alexander set his heart on conquering India and Indus Valley River belt regions. Alexander thought that facing Indian defenders would be easy.
Little did Alexander know that Indian region is carefully divided into many Sixteen Mahajanapadas that had a system in place to deal with the unsuspected foreign invaders. Alexander did pick up on the brewing rivalry against Ambi and Porus.
Alexander is said to have convinced Ambi that Alexander will fight Porus but with Ambi’s help. Ambi was also promised huge acres of land and money upon and also a huge chunk of Porus territory. Alexander wanted to put a bitter end between Ambi and Porus and gain entry into the Ganges belt.
However, it was soon enough, Alexander realised the strength of Indian defenders. In fact, battle of Hydaspes left Alexander’s men high and dry. Alexander is said to have called truce, in the face of stiff rivalry that challenged the Macedonian war men with battle ground efficient 6000 elephants.
Battle of Hydaspes – A War Between Macedonian Alexander the Great and Porus of Punjab
With the help of Porus’s arch enemy Ambi, Alexander’s troops start firing at Porus. The battle of Hydaspes is said to be one of the toughest battles that Alexander has faced in his illustrious life.
There was absolutely no match to Porus in courage or valour. Popular belief claims that Porus was defeated by the Alexander but the authenticity of such claim is illogical. It is claimed that Alexander despite the winning, gave back everything won to Porus, who had impressed the great warrior with his skills and persistence.
Porus won or lost?
Many recent accounts on Alexander’s failed expedition to India throws light on the battle of Hydaspes. It is very unlikely that the great King will give away Kingdom to Porus upon winning thus betraying Ambi. Marshal Zhukov feels that some people who witnessed the war could have been confused about Porus’s son Puru or also named as Porus who faced the Alexander first and was defeated.
The son of Porus who shared the same name with his father succumbed to the Macedonian blow. However, Porus is said to have avenged his son’s death in the battle to a large extent. It is during this time that Alexander felt the Indian force and decided to retreat to which all his soldiers exulted.
Death of Porus
Alexander gave away the territories that he won from Porus back to him. Later Alexander died in 323 BC. While under power, Porus was assassinated in a conspiracy by Alexander’s generals named Eudemus in 315 BC. Porus was succeeded by another warrior king Malayaketu.