King Porus of Punjab – King of Pauravas Dynasty – Belonging to Puru Clan – Bravely Fought Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) – 370 BCE – 315 BCE

Porus or Poros (Greek) was born around 370 BCE and was the king of Ancient Punjab. He ruled over a region between Jhelum River and The Ganges. He belonged to Pauravas Dynasty

Invading regions around Ganges was never an easy task for Empires. Even the most skilled war men faced huge losses and set back when they were challenged by the fierce Indian defenders such as Porus or Puru of Punjab region.

Porus who guarded the other side of the Ganges was extremely popular for his fearless encounter and a possible victory against the greatest warrior ever – Alexander the Great.

King Porus of Punjab – Bravely Fought Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) – 370 BCE – 315 BCE

Porus of Puru clan

Porus is said to be of Puru Clan which traces back its identity with the likes of Yadavas or Shri Krishna and his brother Balaram. Porus thus held a key position in protecting and guarding areas in and around Ganges against invaders from Greece and Macedonia.

King Porus of Punjab – Pauravas Dynasty Map Around 320 BCE

Porus and Alexander – Two Great Warriors of the Same Era

It was the beginning of 326 BCE, Alexander set his heart on conquering India and Indus Valley River belt regions. Alexander thought that facing Indian defenders would be easy.

Little did Alexander know that Indian region is carefully divided into many Sixteen  Mahajanapadas that had a system in place to deal with the unsuspected foreign invaders. Alexander did pick up on the brewing rivalry against Ambi and Porus.

Alexander is said to have convinced Ambi that Alexander will fight Porus but with Ambi’s help. Ambi was also promised huge acres of land and money upon and also a huge chunk of Porus territory. Alexander wanted to put a bitter end between Ambi and Porus and gain entry into the Ganges belt.

However, it was soon enough, Alexander realised the strength of Indian defenders. In fact, battle of Hydaspes left Alexander’s men high and dry. Alexander is said to have called truce, in the face of stiff rivalry that challenged the Macedonian war men with battle ground efficient 6000 elephants.

Battle of Hydaspes – A War Between Macedonian Alexander the Great and Porus of Punjab

With the help of Porus’s arch enemy Ambi, Alexander’s troops start firing at Porus. The battle of Hydaspes is said to be one of the toughest battles that Alexander has faced in his illustrious life.

King Porus of Punjab – Alexander the Great at Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) – 326 BCE

There was absolutely no match to Porus in courage or valour. Popular belief claims that Porus was defeated by the Alexander but the authenticity of such claim is illogical. It is claimed that Alexander despite the winning, gave back everything won to Porus, who had impressed the great warrior with his skills and persistence.

Porus won or lost?

Many recent accounts on Alexander’s failed expedition to India throws light on the battle of Hydaspes. It is very unlikely that the great King will give away Kingdom to Porus upon winning thus betraying Ambi. Marshal Zhukov feels that some people who witnessed the war could have been confused about Porus’s son Puru or also named as Porus who faced the Alexander first and was defeated.

The son of Porus who shared the same name with his father succumbed to the Macedonian blow. However, Porus is said to have avenged his son’s death in the battle to a large extent. It is during this time that Alexander felt the Indian force and decided to retreat to which all his soldiers exulted.

Death of Porus

Alexander gave away the territories that he won from Porus back to him. Later Alexander died in 323 BC. While under power, Porus was assassinated in a conspiracy by Alexander’s generals named Eudemus in 315 BC. Porus was succeeded by another warrior king Malayaketu.


  1. It is strange that a warrior like Alexandar traveled all the way from Greece and to attack Pourus (The decender of the Krishna Family) the then king of East Punjab . Any Details

  2. Bharat patel says:

    Alexander wanted to rule india for that he must get Punjab / Sindh. Porus was a ruler of these areas.
    Ancient King Yayati have 4 sons. 1st was Yadu (Yadav dynasty) and 4th was Puru (Puru Dynasty). Since Porus belongs to Puru clan so it’s obvious to have relations with Krishna (Yadu clan).

  3. It is strange that Alexander who wanted to rule over entire world including India, returned won kingdom to defeated King Purusottam and returned back from here. This is not true. Truth is that King Purusottam defeated Alexander badly. This forced Alexander to return back and gave some of his kingdom’s teritory to King Purusottam under a treaty. Jo Jeeta Wahi Purusottam.

  4. Was Alexander that soft to give away a won territory back to his rival?? It defeats the purpose of alexander’s Attack. His goal was to defeat Porus and invade deep down in India but he decided to reterieve back from the periphery despite defeating Porus??? It makes no sense. It’s common logic a winner doesn’t reterieve back only a looser does?? Indian records were burnt down by later invaders, when India really lost war to them. It seems more like Alexander was defeated back and was pushed back. In West instead of acknowledging defeat they commonly say “ war was indecisive” or there was nothing to gain from this war.

  5. Alexander and his “illustrious life”.
    I don’t think this word describes him best.

  6. Porus gave a resounding defeat to Alexander. The story about Alexander asking Porus, ” How would you like to be treated ” has been concocted by the West. Alexander also got badly injured and died on the way back to his country.

  7. angela singh rooppura says:

    This whole mystery was generated by greek historians., but in real Samrat purushottam was the greatest warrior ever who defeated sikandar badly which results in his return from Bharat

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