Jama Masjid – Built by Shah Jahan – An Important Muslim Institution – Delhi Tourism – A World Heritage Site – 1644 AD

Also known as ‘Masjid-i-Jahan numa’, means commanding the view of the world, Jama Masjid is located in Delhi opposite to red fort, the seventh wonder and the largest mosque of India, and its construction was commenced by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in between 1644 AD – 1656 AD. The need arise for a mosque as Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi and to create a place for a congregation was the main purpose to lay down the planning of Jama Masjid hence it can accommodate 25,000 people in its court yard, in a new capital city Shahjahanabad present day know as Delhi.

Jama Masjid - Built by Shah Jahan - A World Heritage Site

Jama Masjid – Built by Shah Jahan – A World Heritage Site

Jama Masjid – Design and Architecture

As it was constructed in the golden period of Mughal Sultanate, Shah Jahan appointed the experts from all the fields like art, sculpture, calligraphy, engineers and more than 5000 workers under the supervision of Sadullah Khan appointed as the construction minister. The base of the Jama Masjid is elevated by 9.100m high from ground level and covers about 1200 Sq. Mts. It is 80 meter long and 21 meter wide approximately. There are 899 boxes are marked on the floor to maintain discipline in sitting while prayers. Jama Masjid has three gates with number of steps, eastern gates were used only for the emperor, northern gate and southern gate were used for public entrance. The whole construction was done with red sandstone and white marble including two minarets, four towers and domes on the terrace, in between the minarets which are 40m high with 130 steps inside.

Jama Masjid - Inside View

Jama Masjid – Inside View

Bukhara, today know as Uzbekistan was very well know and famous as a hub of learned people from different fields. Hence Shah Jahan wanted to appoint the Imam from Bukhara. He invited Sayed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukhari to inaugrate Jama Masjid, Shah Jahan along with the ministers, courtiers and citizen of Delhi performed the prayer of Id-ul-Fitr on July 24, 1656 AD leaded by Imam Bukhari, from that day he was appointed as the Imam for Jama Masjid and he was given a position in the high office of Imamat-e-Uzma, he was also honored by the name of Shahi Imam by Emperor Shah Jahan. From then Imamat of Jama masjid is continued by the family successor till present.

Jama Masjid by the Night - Delhi Tourism

Jama Masjid by the Night – Delhi Tourism

Jama Masjid – An Important Muslim Institution

The Jama Masjid mosque has much importance due to the remains of muhammed kept in the cabinet near the northern gate, like Quran written on the deerskin, a beard hair of the prophet, his sandals and also his foot prints are implanted in the marble block. After the victory of British, in 1857 they came into the power and took hold of the Jama Masjid Mosque and used to house their soldiers. Jama Masjid is also listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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