Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa and Mohenjo daro – 4000 BC – 1500 BC – Richness of Past – Pakistan and India

One of the oldest civilizations of the world evolved in and around what is known as Punjab (Pakistan), around 6000 BC. The first traces of civilization originated in Mehrgarh (6000 BC).

Later two, more dominant, cities followed Mohenjo daro (mound of dead) and Harappa around. These cities cultured along the Indus River Valley in Sindh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Baluchistan, Sind and the Makran coast.

Indus Valley Civilization - Harappa and Mohenjo-daro Map 4000 BC

Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa and Mohenjo-daro Map 4000 BC

Town Planning

Harappa and Mohenjo daro were two most planned cities in ancient world. The roads were had a sophisticated covered drainage system, road were made at right angles few highly distinct monuments. Great Bath of Mohenjo daro (now in Pakistan) was one of the most phenomenal monument. The cities used baked bricks for their construction, this is what is done even today!

There was a distinction between the upper and lower class in the society.

The Great Bath - Mohenjo-daro, Indus Valley Civilization, Pakistan

The Great Bath – Mohenjo-daro, Indus Valley Civilization, Pakistan

Occupation 

Merchants of Harappa and Mohenjo daro mainly traded on the banks of Indus river. Discovery of bronze had taken place and there were artist and craftsmen who made toys, ornaments, utilities,statues for trade.

Harappa Civilization Ornaments

Harappa Civilization Ornaments

Ladies in that society were quite a bit into fashion, just like today. Merchants used owned seals (rectangular in shape) as a trade copyright. Harappans traded with Sumerians in far Persia.

Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-daro, Indus Valley Civilization

Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-daro, Indus Valley Civilization

Priest King of Mohenjo-daro

Priest King of Mohenjo-daro

Decline

Around 1900 BC to 1200 BC both Harappa and Mohenjo daro declined. It was sad that such cultured civilization have to come to an end.

Harappa Civilization Town Planning and Dwell Houses

Harappa Civilization Town Planning and Dwell Houses

Some predict the cause of decline were the constant flooding of Indus river every year, probably a huge flood or two engulfed both the town.

Although, some others believe that the civilizations could not save themselves from barbaric attacks from the Aryans  who later captured the areas.

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One Comment

  1. Depressed Soul says:

    Great Article! Informative!

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