Humayun’s Tomb – Built By Akbar – Known for Marvelous Architecture – A UNESCO World Heritage Site – History and Timing – Built in 1562

Humayun’s Tomb was built in the memory of second Mughal emperor, Humayun, after his death in 1556 AD. It was constructed with the instruction of third Mughal emperor Akbar, son of Humanyun. Humayun’s first wife Hamida Banu Begum took personal interest and funded the whole project and dedicated her life after Humayun’s death towards the tomb and commissioned the tomb in 1562 AD which took almost nine years. Humayun’s Tomb was the first tomb made of sand stone in a large scale and surrounded by the garden and water channel. Humayun’s Tomb stands as an inspiration for Taj Mahal.

A Elevation of Humanyun Tomb, Delhi

A Elevation of Humanyun Tomb, Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb – Design and Architecture

During the Mughal Reign, Bukhara present day Uzbekistan was well known for the learned and skilled people. Hamida Banu Begum appointed an artisan Mirak Mirza Ghiyas from Herat, Bukhara for the construction and supervision of Humayun’s tomb. Hence, it was built in a traditional Islamic style with the elements like dome, Arches and the geometric pattern of the plan. It was planned with a tomb rested on two large plinths over lapping one another. First base is 1.52 Meter above the ground level and other base is 6.10 meter high with 72 arched rooms on all four sides connecting the tomb with staircase. Humayun’s grave is placed under the central dome. It also houses the grave of Humayun’s wife Hamida and later Mughals in the adjacent surrounding room beneath the tomb. Through the planning and construction of tomb the Mughal garden was introduced which represent the paradise as per Islamic Religion. The Humayun tomb is enclosed with the garden which is divided in the quarters by four water channel, representing  the four flowing river of Jannat and the quarters are further divided with the crisscross pathways.

Humayun Tomb - Interior View

Humayun Tomb – Interior View

Humayun’s Tomb – Under the British Rule

After the decline of the Mughal Empire the monument started decaying and the garden has undergone constant changes. Bahadur Shah Zafar along with his son were captured by William Hudson in the premises of Humayun’s tomb in 1857 AD, which was a worst day in history of Humayun’s tomb. People started living within the premises and the garden was converted in to clusters of kitchen gardens. Later when British started ruling over the Delhi, they changed the face of garden completely by adding trees in flower beds and flower beds in the water channels and destroyed completely. In the early 20th century Viceroy, Lord Curzon commenced to replant and restore the Garden as originally planned by Mughals and it was hardly restored. Again, while India got independent from the British rule, Pakistan also got the independence and was declared as an independent country. A lot of people migrated from Pakistan to India and Humayun’s tomb became a refugee camp for people who migrated from Pakistan. The place was kept open for couple of years until government of India was able to manage the migrants, which has caused a lot of damages to the monument and the Garden.

Night photographs of Humayun's Tomb, Delhi

Night photographs of Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

Humayun’s Tomb – Recent History, A UNESCO World Heritage Site

In 1993 AD, the restoration work started again for Humayun’s Tomb as it was declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. More plantations are done to recreate the effects of the Gardens. Humayun’s Tomb still remains the pride of India and an Architectural master piece.

A Recent Photograph of Humanyun Tomb, Delhi

A Recent Photograph of Humanyun Tomb, Delhi

Timing for Humayun Tomb Opens Closes
Sunday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Monday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Tuesday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Wednesday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Thursday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Friday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM
Saturday 6:00 AM 6:00 PM

 

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