Gautamiputra Satakarni – Greatest Satavahana King – 78 AD – 102 AD

Gautamiputra Satakarni is regarded as the greatest king of Satavahana Dynasty. He was the twenty third ruler of Satavahana Dynasty and ruled from 78 AD to 102 AD. He defeated the Central Asian invaders Saka (Indo-Scythian), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians) and restored the old prestige of Satavahana Dynasty. Before him the Satavahana Dynasty was very weak and loosely attached but he ensured strong administration to avoid future attack on the empire.

Gautamiputra Satakarni Coins

Gautamiputra Satakarni Coins

Satavahana Scluptures at the time of Gautamiputra Satakarni

Satavahana Scluptures at the time of Gautamiputra Satakarni

Invasion from Central Asia by Saka (Western Kshatrapas or Indo-Scythian)

Around 30 AD the Saka rulers based in Central Asia attacked India. Major part of India was ruled under the Satavahana Dynasty. The Saka defeated Satavahana ruler in numerous battles and acquired various territories of India like eastern Malwa, southern Gujarat, Northern Konkan etc . They established western Kshatrapas Dynasty around 35 AD.

War between Satavahana and Saka

Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated Nahapana the ruler of Western Kshtrapas Dynasty in 78 AD. He also acquired large part of his lost empire. He restored the old prestige of Satavahana Dynasty and therefore he is regarded as the greatest king of Satavahana Empire. His legacy was glorified by his mother Gautami Balasri who mentions that he was the one who established the old prestige of Kshtriyas by destroying Sakas (Western Kshatrapas), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians). He is the gem of Satavahana race.

The achievement of Satakarni is historically so important that the date on which he defeated the invaders 78 AD is selected as the beginning of Saka era or Indian National Calendar which is also referred as Samvat.

Gautamiputra Satakarni was succeded by his son Vashishtiputra Pulumyi (102 AD – 130 AD).


  1. i very satisfyied to see all over. i have large collection of satvahana pl visit me. 09921999769

    • vivek padiyar says:

      Sir, mera naam vivek padiyar, me ek art student hu karnatak se, mere ko history me bhahuth intrest he, mere ko shatavahana dynesty ka history chahiye please mere ko shikayiye please sir. mera email id-


  3. Kumar Supravin says:

    Gautami also refers to Godavari River. Mother Godavari is another form of Mother Ganges, whose waters were given by Lord Shiva to a great Rishi & his wife, when they were troubled by his/her companions. The famous Trayambakeshwar temple is on the banks of the great Godavari River;
    In India, women are also named as Gautami, which is a divine name;
    Being son of Mother Gautami, one becomes Gautamiputra.

  4. Pinki Sanyal says:

    That is nice to read in but I want to depth of knowledge about Shatbahana dynasty .please provide me the link.

  5. Dr C D Satish says:

    King Shalivahana born at the village name Old Tandaga of Turuvekere Taluk, Tumkur District, Karnataka.

  6. Nihar mohan says:

    Gautamiputra Satakarni, ruled half of vast India with two capitals !
    Had a mighty Navy which established bases in present Indonesia !!
    After the Mauryans, a real Telugu Emperor, who was a great warrior,
    administrator & patron of arts as well.

  7. satyakirankukkla says:


  8. sir mera nam samiksha hai aur muje gautamiputra is ke bare me aur jankari chaiye muze unka period kaisa tha purane jamane ka raja kaisa tha ye aur is ke fathee ka name kya tha aur uske vansh ka end kaisr hua

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