Gautamiputra Satakarni – Greatest Satavahana King – 78 AD – 102 AD

Gautamiputra Satakarni is regarded as the greatest king of Satavahana Dynasty. He was the twenty third ruler of Satavahana Dynasty and ruled from 78 AD to 102 AD. He defeated the Central Asian invaders Saka (Indo-Scythian), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians) and restored the old prestige of Satavahana Dynasty. Before him the Satavahana Dynasty was very weak and loosely attached but he ensured strong administration to avoid future attack on the empire.

Gautamiputra Satakarni Coins

Gautamiputra Satakarni Coins

Satavahana Scluptures at the time of Gautamiputra Satakarni

Satavahana Scluptures at the time of Gautamiputra Satakarni

Invasion from Central Asia by Saka (Western Kshatrapas or Indo-Scythian)

Around 30 AD the Saka rulers based in Central Asia attacked India. Major part of India was ruled under the Satavahana Dynasty. The Saka defeated Satavahana ruler in numerous battles and acquired various territories of India like eastern Malwa, southern Gujarat, Northern Konkan etc . They established western Kshatrapas Dynasty around 35 AD.

War between Satavahana and Saka

Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated Nahapana the ruler of Western Kshtrapas Dynasty in 78 AD. He also acquired large part of his lost empire. He restored the old prestige of Satavahana Dynasty and therefore he is regarded as the greatest king of Satavahana Empire. His legacy was glorified by his mother Gautami Balasri who mentions that he was the one who established the old prestige of Kshtriyas by destroying Sakas (Western Kshatrapas), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians). He is the gem of Satavahana race.

The achievement of Satakarni is historically so important that the date on which he defeated the invaders 78 AD is selected as the beginning of Saka era or Indian National Calendar which is also referred as Samvat.

Gautamiputra Satakarni was succeded by his son Vashishtiputra Pulumyi (102 AD – 130 AD).

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35 Comments

  1. i very satisfyied to see all over. i have large collection of satvahana pl visit me. 09921999769

  2. SIR, THE DESCRIPTION GIVEN IS VERY GOOD AND HELPFUL IN ORDER TO LEARN ABOUT SATVHANA DYNASTY IN SHORT NOTICE. THANKS ——- KULBHUSHAN I.T. TEACHER

  3. Kumar Supravin says:

    Gautami also refers to Godavari River. Mother Godavari is another form of Mother Ganges, whose waters were given by Lord Shiva to a great Rishi & his wife, when they were troubled by his/her companions. The famous Trayambakeshwar temple is on the banks of the great Godavari River;
    In India, women are also named as Gautami, which is a divine name;
    Being son of Mother Gautami, one becomes Gautamiputra.

  4. Pinki Sanyal says:

    That is nice to read in but I want to depth of knowledge about Shatbahana dynasty .please provide me the link.

  5. Dr C D Satish says:

    King Shalivahana born at the village name Old Tandaga of Turuvekere Taluk, Tumkur District, Karnataka.

  6. Nihar mohan says:

    Gautamiputra Satakarni, ruled half of vast India with two capitals !
    Had a mighty Navy which established bases in present Indonesia !!
    After the Mauryans, a real Telugu Emperor, who was a great warrior,
    administrator & patron of arts as well.

  7. satyakirankukkla says:

    super

  8. sir mera nam samiksha hai aur muje gautamiputra is ke bare me aur jankari chaiye muze unka period kaisa tha purane jamane ka raja kaisa tha ye aur is ke fathee ka name kya tha aur uske vansh ka end kaisr hua

  9. superb lovely

  10. Those who love historical novels and those who want to know more about Satavahana rule must read this wonderful novel by Sri Mudigonda Sivaprasad garu “SRAVANI”. Most popular during 1990’s this telugu novel is a gem thus justifies title too.

    U can order this book from the website telugubooks.in
    There are other sites too just google to find more.

    Note: there are other novels too with same name,
    So choose carefully go by author.

    • KNSR SASTRY says:

      It is ‘SRI LEKHA’, not SRAVANI which gives more description about Buddhism during sathavahana dynasty, also describes about king KHARAVELA, a kalinga king.

  11. Satavahan means one who ride on lion. satavahan symbol is lion telugu people thought lion is noble and mighty

  12. hai my name is Ramesh from Visakhapatnam andhrapradesh India very interesting story of the legend GAUTAMIPUTRA SATAKARNI iam interesting history and mystery both I never lesion the name of gautamiputra satakarni now I recently see the story type of movie gautamiputra satakarni movie at telugu industry iam very exited I need more story of satakarni please share the link or story by what’s up 8143396143 or rameshbarri369@gmail.com

    IAM REALLY PROUD TO BE INDIAN

    JAI SATAKARNI

  13. I like this details

  14. nijamga satakarni ni oka lady vishamichinda?

  15. can u pls send me the full history of satakarni to my wtsup 7997099144 or email-Gantavenkatesh222@gmail.com

  16. can u send me the history gararaju87@gmail.com

  17. Chandra mouli R says:

    Can anyone send me the history of india.I am very much eager to know about our history.My email id is

  18. surya vamsi krishna vedula says:

    Thanks for giving your valuable information about saathakarni saarvabhowma. I want to much more about saatavahana empire because im not only intrested its my responsibility to know about my kings as i came up from their land. If possible please send ur information to my email id suryavamsi2431999@gmail. com.

  19. Hiii I’m very interested about gowthamiputhrasathakarni history can you please send me about that sathavahana’s history

  20. Pls send me sathavahana detalis…….

  21. The great andhara pradesh

  22. excellent ruler. Please send me more details of the great gauthami putra sathakarni.

  23. Great post! Have nice day ! 🙂 ykosp

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