Christopher Columbus and discovery of New World 1492 AD

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an Italian explorer who explored the new world. He was the first European after Vikings to reach American Continent. His discovery ultimately resulted in the European colonization of America and spreading of Christianity. Columbus was hired by the Spanish king Ferdinand and his wife Isabella to find more opportunity in trade for Spanish kingdom. Instead of Japan he reached Bahamas and made a permanent settlement Hispaniola in the New World.

Christopher Columbus

Search for New World

On August 3, 1492, Columbus started his journey from Spain in search of a new sea route for Asia. He went with three ships which were funded by Juan Cosa. He stopped in Canary Islands for some time to repair ships. Then they started their vast journey to cross the Atlantic Ocean. On October 12, 1492, at 2 am  a crew member Triana discovered new land.

Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, 1492 AD

The new islands which were discovered were named San Salvador (present day Bahamas) by Columbus. Columbus and his crew were greeted by the natives of the island who were highly peaceful community. They were called Lacayans. Columbus in his writing mentions that the native had scars on their body because they defended their island from the people of other islands. He said that natives were highly innocent and they could be made servant easily. The natives had no religion so they could be turned to Christianity. He later took six of the natives American Indians to Spain to learn Spanish so that there could be better communication between people of both the communities.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus

Further Expedition

From 1492 to 1503 Columbus went to four voyages. He discovered many islands of the Caribbean regions like Cuba, saint Kitts, and Antigua etc. He was funded by the crown of Castile.

Christoper Columbus's Sketch

Columbus till his death was convinced that the islands which he discovered were part of Asian continent and therefore American continent was named after Amerigo Vespucci and not Columbus.

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