Ancient Indian History

Nanda Dynasty Map during Mahapadma Nanda 323 BC

Nanda Dynasty – The rise of Empires in India 345 BC – 321 BC

Nanda dynasty was founded by Mahapadma Nanda. He was alleged to be the illegitimate son of Maharaja Mahanandin. Mahapadma Nanda was the first non Kshatriya ruler of Magadha, born to a Shudra mother. Mahapadma Nanda was also considered to be the ‘Destroyer of all Kshatriya’. During his time Panchala, Kasi, Haihaya, […]

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Shishunaga Dynasty Map 413 BC - 345 BC

Shishunaga Dynasty – Expanded in less than 50 Years as one of the Largest in Asia 413 BC – 345 BC

Shishunaga dynasty came into existence under the rule of King Shishunaga (Shusunaga), after the decline of Haryanka dynasty. Early Life Shishunaga was born in Licchavi Royal family. He was serving in the Haryanka Dynasty as a viceroy of Varanasi. During his early years he had seen the unjust that was […]

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Haryanka Dynasty - Engravings of Bimbisara ' s Army

Haryanka Dynasty – The second dynasty of Magadha Empire 543 BC – 413 BC

Haryanka Dynasty was the second dynasty of ancient Magadha. It is not very clear about which was the first dynasty but most of the purans and texts indicate that the first dynasty was Brihadrathas Dynasty. This dynasty ruled for more than 270 years and was eventually overtaken by Shishunaga Dynasty. […]

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Ancient remains of Nalanda University In Rajagriha, Ancient Capital of Magadha

Magadha – The Whole Story of a Golden Past 684 BC – 550 AD

Magadha was one of 16 mahajanpadas during the later Vedic period. It was the center of trade and one of the most important regions of that time. Magadha comprises of modern day Bihar which ironically was the most developed part of the country those days. The capital city of Magadha […]

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Vedic India Map 1500 BC - 500 BC

Vedic Period – Vedic Era – 1500 BC to 500 BC

Vedic Period – Vedic Era – 1500 BC to 500 BC Arrival of Aryans to India By the end of 12th century BC the Aryans from northern and central Asia had reached India from the north-west. Aryans, unlike Harappa and Mohenjo daro civilization, were a much more aggressive race. They […]

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Sixteen Mahajanpadas, India, 600 BC

Mahajanapadas – Sixteen Kingdoms of Ancient India 600 BC India

Sixteen Great Kingdom or Solah Mahajanapads consist of Panchala, Machcha, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Anga, Kosala, Kashi, Magadha, Vajji, Malla, Chedi, Vatsa, Kuru, Gandhara and Kamboja. By 600 BC, the nomadic Vedic Aryan settled down in the form of tribes forming kingdoms along the plains of river Ganga (Ganges). Many of […]

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Alexander the Great - Battle of Hydaspes against Porus - 327 BC

Alexander the Great – Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) against Porus – Invasion of India 327 BC – 326 BC

Alexander the great after defeating the rulers in Persia moved towards the East. He had already known the riches of the Magadha Empire, which was under the rule of the Nanda Dynasty. But before they could reach the province of Magadha they had to face a mighty king of Punjab, […]

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Mahavir Swami Bhagwan - 24th Tirthankar of Jains

Jainism and Mahavira 599 BC – 527 BC

Jainism is one of the oldest living religions in the world. Historically, it developed around 6th century BC in India. The primary teaching of Jainism is ‘Ahimsa’ which means non-violence. The word ‘Jain’ is originated from the word ‘Jina’ which means ‘conquering yourself’. Jainism is one of the oldest non […]

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Gautam Buddha 563 BC, 576 BC in some sources

Gautam Buddha 563 BC, 576 BC in some sources

Gautama Buddha was born in a small kingdom of Kapilavastu in the year 563 BC.  Also known as Siddhartha Gautam, he was a prince by birth. Later, he was exposed to worldly pain and suffering and understood that actual life is far more difficult than what was shown to him […]

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Harappa Civilization Town Planning and Dwell Houses

Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa and Mohenjo daro – 4000 BC – 1500 BC – Richness of Past – Pakistan and India

One of the oldest civilizations of the world evolved in and around what is known as Punjab (Pakistan), around 6000 BC. The first traces of civilization originated in Mehrgarh (6000 BC). Later two, more dominant, cities followed Mohenjo daro (mound of dead) and Harappa around. These cities cultured along the […]

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