Pre-Colombian North American Cultures

Norton Tradition Alaska – 1000 BC – 800 AD

Norton Tradition Alaska – 1000 BC – 800 AD

The Norton tradition developed around 1000 BC near Bering Strait. These people are successor of the Arctic Small Tool Tradition. They were followed by the Thule Tradition. Few archeologists even believe that Norton culture is a part of arctic small tool tradition and they co-existed with each other. Many of […]

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Tchefuncte Culture – First Post Archaic Culture of Mississippi – 1000 BC – 200 AD

Tchefuncte Culture – First Post Archaic Culture of Mississippi – 1000 BC – 200 AD

The Tchefuncte Culture developed around 600 BC and remained till 200 BC. These people were the inhabitants of present day Louisiana. They were the successor of Poverty Point Culture. These people used to trade various items including Spears, shells, Bones throughout the regions like coastal Alabama, eastern Texas, Arkansas, and southeastern […]

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Millingstone Horizon – The Archaic People of California – 6500 BC – 1500 BC

Millingstone Horizon – The Archaic People of California – 6500 BC – 1500 BC

Millingstone horizon represents the time frame when Native Americans were on their peak in the state of California. These people were mostly known for their food grinding technology especially the use of Manos and Millingstone. It is believed to be the longest running culture of Archaic people in California which started in […]

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Cochise Tradition – The Archaic of Arizona – 7000 BC – 200 BC

Cochise Tradition – The Archaic of Arizona – 7000 BC – 200 BC

The Cochise tradition was established near the lake Cochise. It is believed by many archeologists that this culture evolved in the Southwest almost 7000 years ago and lasted till 200 BC. Many archeological sites regarding this culture have been found in the Sonora desert of Arizona and Sonora in Mexico. […]

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Oshara (Northern) Tradition – New Mexico – Archaic of Rio Grande Valley 5500 BC – 800 BC

Oshara (Northern) Tradition – New Mexico – Archaic of Rio Grande Valley 5500 BC – 800 BC

It is believed by archeologists that certain climatic factors abruptly changed the living of Paleo-Indian in the Southwest US. The archaic tradition which builds up in Rio Grande Valley, New Mexico was termed as Oshara Northern tradition. It is believed that about 5500 BC the Archaic People living in this […]

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San Dieguito Complex - Pinto Tradition - Rock Carvings

San Dieguito Complex – Pinto Tradition – First Native Americans of California 8500 BC

One of the first cultures that started building up in California was established by the early Holocene people. These people were hunters and gatherers who established near the southern coast of California near San Diego and surrounding regions especially the Southwest and desert regions. This tradition is sometimes also referred as Pinto […]

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Old Copper Complex – Great Lake Archaic People – 4000 BC – 1000 BC

Old Copper Complex – Great Lake Archaic People – 4000 BC – 1000 BC

The Old Copper Complex started in 4000 BC and remained in existence till 1000 BC. The main areas covered by this complex were the Great Lake region of US.  This culture is mainly known because at this point of time Native Americans started using copper tools and weapons. Regions nearby […]

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Mysterious Inscription in the Canyon - Desert Archaic Culture

The Desert Archaic Culture – Creator of Mysterious Canyon Inscriptions 1600 BC – 500 BC

The Desert Archaic Culture developed around 1600 BC and remained till 500BC. It primarily developed in the western arid regions of US and some of its surrounding areas which include portions of Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and South-Western Colorado. The major archeological evidence regarding this culture was found through various […]

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The Aleutian Tradition of 2500 BC – The longest Known Civilization on Earth – Extinct around 1750 AD

The Aleutian Tradition of 2500 BC – The longest Known Civilization on Earth – Extinct around 1750 AD

It is believed that the Aleutian Islands were the first New World Island that were inhabited by the people coming from Asia especially Siberia. The Aleutian island is one of the most isolated places on earth so the tradition of Aleutian people flourished till 1800 AD before they were discovered […]

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Arctic Small Tool Tradition – One Of The Last Archaic Traditions – 2500 BC

Arctic Small Tool Tradition – One Of The Last Archaic Traditions – 2500 BC

The Arctic Small Tool Tradition is one of the last Archaic Traditions established in the Northernmost region of America. It is believed that this culture developed around 2500 BC in the Alaskan peninsula. The archeological diggings have revealed that this culture developed in present day eastern shores of Bering Strait […]

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