Boston Port Act – Background
Boston was held responsible for the Boston Tea Party which made Britain’s economy and the East India Trading Company suffer due to loss of goods. Some tried to blame the incident on Native Indians, but neither the East India Trading Company nor Britain was fooled by this answer. Britain’s economy was hurting due to the loss of goods and was determined to make Boston and her colonists pay for their actions.
Boston Port Act – Shutdown of the British Port
The British parliament proposed the Boston Port Act. Both parties in parliament believed that something needed to be done in order to show Boston that Britain was still in charge and to help recover Britain’s economy. The Boston Port Act would ultimately close Boston’s port which was the life of the city, and the hub on the wheel that fed all of Massachusetts. The port would be closed until Boston paid Britain and the East India Trading Company for the goods that they had destroyed. Ships were not even allowed to land in Boston’s port nor were ships allowed to be loaded and leave the port. The British navy cut off the port by using their ships to form a blockade around the port. Just to be sure that no goods were leaving the port of Boston, England brought the British army into Boston to monitor the area near the port.
Boston Port Act – The Father Idea for The United States of America
All of Massachusetts felt the effect of the Boston Port Act because supplies were now very limited. Colonists loyal to both sides, i.e. Britain and the idea of a free America were upset with parliament. Some colonists tried to reason with parliament saying that only those who had raided the East India Trading Company ships should be punished for the crime, but parliament would not change its decision. The Massachusetts colonists did only thing that they could do, and that was to ask for help from her surrounding colonies. The other Colonies feeling sympathetic for Massachusetts’s plight were ready to assist Massachusetts. The South Carolina colony, one of the furthest from Massachusetts, aided the ailing colony by sending grain. Massachusetts had gotten so many goods from other colonies that they were no longer hurting. Some even boasted about how much they had in spite of the fact that the British were blocking Boston’s port.
The Boston Port Act brought the thirteen colonies together. They began to trust and support each other. They were able to band together against a common cause. What the British parliament meant for evil against Boston, the colonies used for good to build support against the British. Surely the British could see the colonies working together, and parliament already knew that the colonists were aggressive towards the British government and soldiers in the colonies. In spite of the growing animosity from the colonies toward Britain, parliament kept passing new acts that continued to aggravate and irritate the colonists. The Boston Port Act was the one of five acts passed by parliament that would eventually turn the colonies to war against Britain.