Bhanugupta – Last Ruler of Gupta Dynasty – Co-ruled Gupta Empire along Vainyagupta – 530 AD – 552 AD

Bhanugupta – Introduction

Bhanugupta is the last recorded Gupta King. It is not exactly clear when Bhanugupta started to rule the Gupta Empire, possibly 530 AD. We do know, however, that Bhanugupta was a ruler that most likely ruled alongside Vainyagupta. Historians think this because they think that the dates of these two men are too close, and that it would be unlikely that they ruled at different times.

Bhanugupta - Gupta Dynasty - Last Ruler of Gupta Dyansty - Ruled Alongside Vainyagupta - 530 AD - 552 AD

Bhanugupta – Gupta Dynasty – Last Ruler of Gupta Dyansty – Ruled Alongside Vainyagupta – 530 AD – 552 AD

Bhanugupta – Co-ruled Gupta Empire with Vainyagupta

Historians think that Bhanugupta and Vainyagupta both ruled the Gupta Empire at the same time, but that they ruled different areas of the Gupta Empire. It is thought that Bhanugupta Malwa region. Whereas, Vainyagupta ruled over the Eastern provinces. This suggests that there was a split in the Gupta Empire at this time, and that it was not united like it once was, and therefore, it was not as strong as it once was. Historians think that it is likely that Bhanugupta succeed Vainyagupta to the throne at some point during his life, possibly 548 AD, however, we do not know when this was. There is nothing to suggest that Bhanugupta succession to the Gupta throne was due to Bhanugupta and Vainyagupta fighting, it is more likely that Vainyagupta died due to natural causes. However, we cannot be exactly clear on this.

Bhanugupta - Gupta Dynasty Map - Last Ruler of Gupta Dyansty - 530 AD - 552 AD

Bhanugupta – Gupta Dynasty Map – Last Ruler of Gupta Dyansty – 530 AD – 552 AD

Bhanugupta – Was a Subordinate to Vainyagupta initially

During the time that Vainyagupta was alive, Bhanugupta is likely to have been a subordinate leader to Vainyagupta. Then, when Bhanugupta succeeded Vainyagupta, he likely became supreme leader. We know from inscriptions found by historians that Bhanugupta was regarded as a hero during his time. Therefore, suggesting that he was a popular leader among his people, or at least, he was a popular leader among some provinces during his leadership.

Bhanugupta – Death and Downfall of Gupta Empire

We do not know exactly how the Gupta Empire ended, but, it does appear to have ended in battle. We know this from the Eran Stone Pillar. It is not clear who the battle was against, but, it is likely to have been against the Huns. And, it is clear that the Hun king was involved in the attack.  However, we do not know if Bhanugupta was present at this event. The battle was over the Eran, and the Huns won, and took over Eran. It is unclear how exactly Bhanugupta died. Bhanugupta either died at battle, or, Bhanugupta died after he went into exile. But, what we do know, is that the Battle of Eran was the downfall of the Gupta Empire.

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