The Ashvamedha or Horse Sacrifice was an important ritual of Vedic religion. The king who organized the sacrifice was considered as very powerful. In this sacrifice a horse was left loose to go freely anywhere. It was followed by soldiers of the king performing the sacrifice. It was considered that if the horse entered in another king’s kingdom then either that king must stop the horse or to let it move forward. If the king allowed the horse to continue walking then automatically it was assumed that the king of that province has surrendered before prime powerful king and that he thinks that the king performing the ritual is stronger than him.
On the other hand, if the other king stops the horse then he has to clash with the prime king’s army. If the king who stops the horse loses then ritual continues and that province also comes under the king performing ashvamedha.
When the horse came back then it was given a bath before being sacrificed. Finally, the horse was slaughtered.
“A very interesting story is associated with this ritual. Rama, the Lord of Hindus performed this ritual. At that time, Sita was living in jungle with her two sons Luv and Kush. When the horse reached Chitrakoot, a place in Uttar Pradesh, Luv and Kush stopped the horse. On hearing such news Rama’s brothers Lakshman, Shatrugan and Bharat came one by one and fought with them. But unfortunately, they all lost from these two little kids. When in the end Rama came to battle out the issue suddenly Sita came in front and told him that they are his sons. After hearing this Rama asked for forgiveness from Sita and asked her to come back with him. But Sita refused and disappeared into the earth.”
Luv and Kush went with their father to Ayodhya.